With an increasing aging population worldwide, there is a growing need for both palliative care and geriatric medicine. It is presumed in medical literature that both specialties share similar goals about patient care and could collaborate. To inform future service development, the objective of this review was to identify what is currently empirically known about overlapping working practices. This article provides a scoping literature review on the relationship between geriatric medicine and palliative care within the United Kingdom. The review encompassed literature written between 1997 and 2019 accessed via Scopus, Web of Science, PubMed, and Google Scholar. Three themes were identified: (a) unclear boundaries between specialties, (b) communication within and between specialisms, and (c) ambiguity of how older people fit in the current health care system. We suggest that more empirical research is conducted about the overlap between palliative care and geriatric medicine to understand how interprofessional working and patient care can be improved.
Experience-based design, co-design, and experience-based co-design can be used within healthcare to design services that improve the patient, carer and staff experience of the services. As palliative and end-of-life care centrally value person-centred care, we believe that service designers, commissioners and those tasked with making quality improvements will be interested in this growing field. This paper outlines these approaches-with a particular emphasis on experience-based co-design-and describes how they are and can be used within palliative and end-of-life care. Based on a rapid review and several case studies, this article highlights the key lessons learnt from previous projects using these approaches and discusses areas for improvement in current reporting of service design projects.
A social science approach to end-of-life care (EoLC) means paying attention to the social context in which the care of the dying, and death itself, occurs. It is about considering the actions of those involved in EoLC, including the patient, their family and healthcare staff, and the social world in which these take place. Erica Borgstrom, Natashe Lemos Dekker and Sarah Hoare describe what social sciences bring to palliative care, outlining three broad types of contribution social sciences make to understanding such care and helping the practice evolve.