AIM: To synthesize the evidence relating to the ability of specialist care home support services to prevent the hospital admission of older care home residents, including hospital admission at the end-of-life.
DESIGN: Systematic review and narrative synthesis.
METHODS: Ten electronic databases will be searched from 2010 to 31st December, 2018 using pre-determined search terms. All studies of specialist healthcare services to meet care home residents' physical healthcare needs which provide outcome data on hospital admission or place of death compared with usual care will be included. Two reviewers will independently assess studies' eligibility and methodological quality using the Effective Public Health Practice Project Quality Assessment Tool. Data will be extracted by one reviewer and checked by a second according to pre-determined categories. Data will be synthesized in evidence tables and narrative. Funder: National Institute for Health Research School for Social Care Research, November 2016.
DISCUSSION: Care of older people in care home settings is a key aspect of nursing nationally and internationally. This review will increase understanding of the extent to which different models of specialist healthcare support for care homes are associated with key resident outcomes.
IMPACT: Standard healthcare support for care home residents is often inadequate, resulting in avoidable hospital admissions and lack of resident choice as to place of death. Although a range of specialist healthcare services are emerging, little is known about their relative effectiveness. This paper marshalls evidence of relevance to commissioners investing in healthcare provision to care homes to meet NHS targets.