De nombreux parents prennent conscience qu'il n'est pas facile de parler en famille de l'expérience douloureuse de la perte d'un bébé avant la naissance. C'est ce qu'ont vécu les trois mamans, auteurs et illustratrice de ce petit livre. Elles l'ont conçu pour aider des parents à partager des moments d'échange et d'intimité avec leurs enfants, lorsqu'ils ont des questions exprimées ou implicites après une telle épreuve.
Leur ouvrage sera une aide précieuse pour parler de cette souffrance avec les enfants de six à dix ans.
Death, disease and disaster can inflict anyone, anywhere and at any time. While occurrence of such an event could be absolved of any selective strike, the outcome reflects otherwise. Historical deprivations experienced by certain populations have caused more bereavement and sorrow to them than those who have experienced lesser or no deprivation. Therefore, the process which shapes the factors to yield such a result is important and needs to be understood for any policy suggestions and programmatic inputs. Loss of pregnancy and newborn inflicts sorrow and bereavement across space, time and social labyrinth. The degree of bereavement is likely to reduce with time, but space and social context govern the response to it. Therefore, factors contributing to the differentials vary in their demographic, social and economic characteristics. The loss of pregnancy and newborn remains inadequately addressed. Family and community play a significant role in coping. While the developed countries have institutional structure to address coping with the loss, the South Asian countries rely heavily on the family and the community for such support. The present review examines these trajectories across social groups.
IMPORTANCE: Pregnancy loss and infant death are unexpected, traumatic, life-changing events. The role of occupational therapy practitioners in treating this population is not well defined.
OBJECTIVE: To describe the outcomes of an occupation-based residential retreat for women who have experienced pregnancy or infant loss.
DESIGN: Program evaluation.
SETTING: Seven residential retreats for bereaved mothers.
PARTICIPANTS: One hundred forty-one women who experienced perinatal loss.
INTERVENTION: Residential retreats that were held in natural settings and included occupation-based activities such as group discussions, yoga, meditation, crafts, and rituals to facilitate grieving and healing processes after perinatal loss.
OUTCOMES AND MEASURES: The Beck Depression Inventory, PTSD Checklist-Civilian Version, Self-Compassion Scale, and Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support were collected pre- and postretreat.
RESULTS: Statistically significant improvements were seen in women's depression, trauma, self-compassion, and perceived social support from pre- to postretreat.
CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: At present, occupational therapy practitioners support this population primarily by providing referrals and information about local resources. However, as occupational therapy practice in primary care settings grows, so too do possibilities for the development of occupational therapy-related interventions to support maternal mental health.
WHAT THIS ARTICLE ADDS: This article provides preliminary support for occupation-based retreats as a treatment for improving maternal mental health after perinatal loss.
La première partie présente les sources de cette étude... La deuxième expose le système d'analyse des données. La troisième dresse une typologie des caractères finaux des noms bouddhistes donnés aux foetus et aux enfants de façon posthume, tandis que la quatrième analyse le type de ces termes finaux bouddhistes employés pour nommer les foetus et les enfants mort-nés. La cinquième partie explique les relations qu'entretient l'âge au décès avec les choix des caractères finaux des noms bouddhistes posthumes et la dernière partie présente les lois et réglementations qui régissent les enterrements.
Objectives: In Australia, 15-20% of pregnancies result in miscarriage, and 0.69% in stillbirth. Pregnancy loss is a distressing experience for parents, with many turning to their own parents for support. Pregnancy loss has been identified as an ambiguous loss, leading to disenfranchised grief. However little research has been conducted regarding grandparents’ experiences following pregnancy loss. Much of what is known comes indirectly from family studies of grief and loss. This study aimed to explore grandparents’ experiences of loss and grief, following a child’s pregnancy loss.
Design: grounded theory approach using a qualitative inductive thematic analysis research design was employed. Individual participant interviews provided the data for analysis which was conducted using a six-step approach.
Methods: Interviews were conducted with 14 grandmothers. Interviews were semi-structured, with open-ended questions. Thematic Analysis was applied using Braun and Clarkes’ (2013) approach to analysis.
Results: Five themes were identified: Pregnancy loss is a grief like no other, Excited anticipation - then nothing, Ambiguity following pregnancy loss exacerbates grief, Grief is isolating, Multiple losses, changed family relationships, and Ceremonies and mementoes: Tangible, with lasting benefits for grandparents.
Conclusions: Early access to information and guidance, ongoing peer support with flexible delivery options, and involvement in memory making activities could reduce ambiguity and disenfranchisement. Increasing community education and participation in raising awareness was identified as a way for grandparents to honour their loss and support others. Further research could explore grandfathers’ experiences, the longer-term outcomes for grandparents and families, and the impact of support strategies.